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Electrician – Principal functions

Electrician –  Principal functions


An Electrician design, assembles, installs, tests, troubleshoots, and repairs wiring, fixtures, and electronic control devices, among other types of related equipment. In this sense, Electricians must solve problems taking into consideration from specific variables to standardized situations. Sometimes these professionals must answer emergency calls and make required repairs.

Electricians generally work autonomously; however, these professionals are often hired by Electrical Contractors, Site Managers, building maintenance departments, and other establishments. By virtue of this, they work in conjunction with external maintenance, production, and engineering services.

Principal functions of an electrician

Here are the most common functions of an Electrician:

  • Read and interpret plans, schematics, and sketches of electrical elements, circuit diagrams, and electrical code specifications to determine the layout of wiring in new or existing buildings.
  • Locate and install a wide range of electrical equipment, in order to guarantee an ecologically responsible and safe operation:
    • Install, alter, replace, repair, and maintain lighting components and electrical distribution and control equipment, such as switches, relays, sensors, distribution boards, and other electrical components or appliances.
    • Install, examine, replace, and / or repair generators, alternators, and industrial storage batteries.
    • Weave and join conduits and cables.
    • Fabricate control panels and perform wiring review.
    • Connect audio and communication equipment to electricity, as well as air conditioning and signaling devices.
  • Detect faults and isolate defects or breakdowns present in electrical and electronic systems, as well as uninstall and replace faulty components:
    • Use established sequences for fault detection, verify the series of possibilities that involve whether the equipment is connected to the power outlet or not, in addition to verifying the diagnostic diagrams on the computer, in order to specify the location and nature of the fault.
  • Correct the wiring and connection of machinery controls to avoid generating damage or potentially dangerous conditions.
  • Carry out preventive maintenance programs and keep a detailed record of this:
    • Test electrical and electronic equipment and components to verify the continuity of electricity, current, voltage and resistance using test devices such as voltmeters and ammeters to ensure the compatibility and safety of the systems.
    • Provide solutions to any design or installation problem.
    • Ensure that electrical maintenance operations comply with applicable legislation and business practices.
  • Assist the Site Manager in coordinating on-site activities.
  • Make estimates:
    • Analyze, collect, calculate and compare data.

Electrician’s Daily tasks

  • Install, maintain, troubleshoot and repair a wide range of electrical equipment.
  • Prevent potentially dangerous situations and perform maintenance tests, as well as report any design or installation failure and resolve it on the spot.

Electrician’s Candidate profile

  • Communication skills and service vocation:
    • Communicate clearly, both verbally and in writing, with clients and co-workers; also, be able to express oneself in non-technical language if necessary.
    • Have the ability to work together with a team of professionals and interact with production personnel in order to coordinate equipment repairs.
    • Talk to operators about equipment and machinery breakdowns using technical language and providing detailed information, in addition to issuing complex instructions that serve to prevent breakdowns.
  • Organized and able to manage your time effectively:
    • Being able to prioritize tasks and responsibilities to use time efficiently in the face of a high volume of work.
    • Being able to work on several projects at the same time in a dynamic environment.
    • Have the ability to work under pressure, either independently or as part of a work team.
  • Analytical capacity and ability to solve problems:
    • Approach tasks in a reliable and skillful manner.
    • Identify breakdowns and provide solutions once they are detected in the equipment.
  • High degree of initiative and capacity for self-supervision:
    • Be willing to acquire new skills.
    • Guarantee that all operations are in accordance with security requirements.
    • Collect information from the pre-maintenance stage to determine the location of potential problems and the type of work to be performed.
    • Use your creativity and imagination to develop new approaches to be implemented in innovative solutions to problems.
  • Continuous focus on security, cost control and customer satisfaction:
    • Use a dust mask, safety boots, helmet, glasses, hearing protection and other personal protective equipment.
  • Manual dexterity, motor coordination and physical strength:
    • Have good manual skills and a willingness to provide optimal work.
    • Be able to mobilize and lift an approximate weight of 20 kilograms.
    • Be able to climb stairs and feel comfortable working from high heights.

In general, the professionals in this career start as Assistants for a period of 2 years in the area of ​​maintenance and manufacture of electrical equipment, machinery, and components. Despite being largely a manual dexterity job, some job openings require their candidates to have a good command of Microsoft Office, since they may be required to prepare reports regarding projects in progress.

Electricians are usually considered to be those individuals who have at least 4 years of work experience in the area, in addition to having a technical professional degree in Electricity or a related discipline.

Electricians require a degree that certifies their qualification to perform this profession satisfactorily and safely. Normally, they have Technical and Superior Technical degrees in Consumer Electronic Equipment, Electrotechnical Equipment and Installations, Electronic Product Development, Automatic Regulation, and Control Systems, Telecommunication and Information Technology Systems, and other related titles. 

Additionally, Electricians must be willing to have flexible working hours that can include weekends, holidays, and even extend from eight hours a day. By virtue of the need to move to the area in which the project is being carried out, it is recommended that these professionals have a driving license and, if possible, their own and adapted vehicle, in order to be able to move along with their work tools. to the designated area.

Rob Prosser

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